The influence of hormonal regulation on human fertility

Hormones play a crucial role in regulating reproductive processes in the body. By understanding how hormones affect fertility, young people can become more knowledgeable about methods of contraception and how to use them effectively.

This can help them make informed choices and prevent unwanted pregnancies. For students who want to have children in the future, knowledge about hormones and fertility offers valuable information. They can learn about the different phases of the menstrual cycle, ovulation and conception. This knowledge can help them plan for pregnancy when they are ready.

This module focuses on some of the minimum objectives of core competency 6 (competencies in mathematics, science and technology).  

*Pupils explain how hormonal regulation affects fertility in humans (general and double finality)

*Pupils explain the control of fertility in humans (labour market finality)

This section is part of the minimum objective 'students explain how hormonal regulation and health behaviour influence fertility in humans'. This module focuses on hormonal regulation, the influence of health behaviour on fertility is covered in the next module.

Background information on this educational objective:

  • These are minimum targets 06.26 within the general finality, 06.15 within the dual finality, 06. 07 within the labour market finality
  • Key competence 6: competences in mathematics, science and technology (sciences)
  • Place within the curriculum of free education: III-BIO-d 7B/ III-BiCh-d 7B/ III-BCSW-d 9B/ III-BCW-d 9B/ III-Nat-d 7B/ III-Nat-da 2B: the pupils explain how hormonal regulation (and health behaviour) affect fertility in humans
  • Place within the curriculum of community education: BV3_06. 26: students explain how hormonal regulation and health behaviour affect fertility in humans (hormonal and non-hormonal contraception, fertility treatments)

Hormones affecting fertility

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Problems with menstruation or with the menstrual cycle

Half the students in the class menstruate. There are many questions among girls about what is normal and what is not. Not everyone talks openly about this. Pupils like more information about this topic.


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The words "woman" and "man" are increasingly ambiguous concepts and should be avoided where possible. For ease of communication on this platform, we use the terms "woman" and "man" when providing information about biological processes. In this context, the term "woman" refers to a person with "female" sex characteristics (e.g., vulva, uterus, ovaries, etc.), and the term "man" refers to a person with "male" sex characteristics (e.g., penis, testes), although we are aware that:

1) There are many intersex individuals or individuals with variations in sex characteristics;

2) There are many people for whom gender identity does not fully correspond to or align with sex characteristics.

When providing information about relational aspects, however, the term "woman" does not refer to biological characteristics, but rather to gender. This also includes trans women (individuals who were legally registered as male at birth based on sex characteristics but have a female gender identity) and intersex individuals (born with variations in sex characteristics) who identify as women. Similarly, the term "man" refers to gender in this context, including trans men and intersex individuals who identify as men.